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Skin tags, Lumps and bumps

What are skin tags, lumps and bumps?

As we age we can develop a whole range of lumps and bumps on our face and bodies. These should be assessed by a Dermatologist to ensure there isn’t an underlying medical condition, and to ensure that the lesion is not malignant. Any lumps and bumps which are at risk of being cancerous should be assessed and treated by a Dermatologist.

Where a Dermatologist has confirmed that a lump or bump is benign, then it can be removed for aesthetic reasons.

Benign lumps and bumps can include skin tags, milia, warts, and in darker skin types dermatosis papulosa nigra.

What are the symptoms of skin tags, lumps and bumps?

Skin tags are usually skin coloured or darker and range in size from 1mm to 5cm. They resemble a soft small piece of hanging skin. They can be located on the face, body and in skin folds such as neck, armpits and groin.
Milia tend to develop on the face particularly on the eyelids and cheeks. They appear as tiny pearly-white bumps just under the surface of the skin.

Dermatosis papulosa nigra appear as small black or dark brown papules on the face and neck of darker skin types.

What causes skin tags, lump and bumps?

The cause of skin tags is not known although it is thought they may be related to the human papilloma virus.

Milia are actually small cysts containing skin protein.

Dermatosis papulosa nigra have a genetic basis with half of people having a family history.

Who is at risk of skin tags, lump and bumps?

As we age we develop skin tags and lumps and bumps on the face and body.

How do you treat skin tags, lumps and bumps?

Prior to any treatment for lumps and bumps it is important to have them assessed by a Dermatologist to ensure that they are not malignant. If you have the all clear you may want them removed for cosmetic reasons.

Sterex ACP: A clinician uses a device which generates high frequency electric voltages that pass through the skin and generate heat. This heat cauterizes and destroys the lump or skin tag.

Cryotherapy: A Dermatologist can freeze the lesions using liquid nitrogen delivered through a precise device. The lesion blackens before falling off a few days later. Repeat treatment is often required.

Surgical excision: A Dermatologist can surgically remove the lesions in an outpatient procedure under local anaesthetic. The area may be cauterised and a few stitches may be used. Whenever a Dermatologist surgically removes lesions they are sent to a specialist pathologist.


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